Cruising is one of the safest forms of travel, and the vast majority of cruises pass without incident. But just like on a land-based vacation, it’s worth taking a few basic precautions to stay safe. When you get on board it’s easy to forget that you are sharing your vacation with thousands of other people (crew and passengers), and all it takes is one person to spoil the experience.

Most of the following tips are common sense — go easy on the booze, don’t flaunt your cash, keep valuables in your safe — but sometimes they are all too easy to forget when you’re on holiday. The key thing to remember is have fun, but be aware — just like you would on a night out at home.

1. Drink alcohol responsibly.

Alcohol is a major contributing factor of personal safety incidents on cruises, so go easy on the booze. Be aware of your limits. There’s alcohol aplenty onboard and it’s easy to get carried away, but be mindful of how much you’re consuming. Also be aware of who is buying you booze, and don’t accept drinks from strangers. However inebriated you are, don’t accept a walk back to your cabin from a stranger.

2. Buddy up.

If you’re a solo cruiser, find a friend early on. That way he/she can look out for you. You’re also far less of a target when traveling in a pair than you are solo. Don’t advertise the fact you are traveling alone, and don’t walk around solitary areas by yourself late at night. If traveling with a friend, make sure you have a buddy system in place, and make a plan to meet up at certain times.

3. Practice in-cabin safety.

Whether you’re new to cruising or a seasoned sailor, you’ll notice that not all cabin doors automatically close, so give them a pull when you leave and a push when you are inside to make sure they click shut.

If the door has a dead bolt, use it. If it doesn’t, consider a door stopper. Cabin stewards carry plenty, so ask for one, or bring your own. Staples carries a line of door stoppers with built-in alarms.

Call room service directly; don’t place the order outside the door since it usually lists the number of people per cabin. Look through your peephole before opening your cabin door to a knock. Don’t loudly speak your cabin number when near others, and don’t give that number to strangers.

4. Be safe on your balcony.

This is a tough one, as there is nothing like listening to the gentle lap of the sea against the hull while you sleep, but for safety’s sake, keep the door locked at night. Also check your balcony before you go to sleep, and don’t leave the door open when you are not in your room, especially in port. (Contractors who clean windows and do maintenance can easily gain access.)

5. Use your safe.

Your safe is not just there to take room up in your closet. Though often small, you can usually get a mid-sized laptop, a tablet (or two), cellphone and jewelry/watches inside. The vast majority of cabin stewards are honest, but it’s not worth putting temptation in their way. Or better still: Leave your valuables at home.

6. Get to know your steward.

Ask his or her name on day one. Establish a rapport. He or she will notice if someone other than you is trying to get into your room.

7. Don’t carry large amounts of cash.

Unless you’re a gambler, there is no reason to bring a lot of money on board. All on board transactions can be carried out with your room key as a credit card. When on shore excursions, take out what you need, but don’t advertise it. Keep your cash in a money belt attached to your body.

8. Don’t accept an invitation to crew quarters.

This is not a good idea, ever. It could result in instant dismissal for the crew, and you will likely be asked to leave at the next port stop.

9. Pay attention during the muster drill.

Before your vacation gets started, you must attend the muster drill. This is where you learn where your muster station is, how to don a life jacket and what the alarms mean, should they be sounded. While most passengers listen attentively, every muster has a few people talking all the way through it, people on their cellphones, people trying to get a drink from the bar (all outlets are closed during muster) and couples who hide in their cabins thinking they’ve pulled one over on the authorities. Not clever. Even if you’ve heard the drill a thousand times, pay attention; don’t see it as an inconvenience, but rather as an important part of your cruise experience.

You might expect loud noises, close quarters and attention-grabbing maneuvers in the dance club on-board your cruise ship — but not in your cabin. Even if you don’t plan to spend much time there, it should be a restful and private place so you can maintain that much-needed vacation stamina. To help you do so, we’ve compiled a list of cabins you’ll want to avoid booking if closet-like dimensions or scraping chair sounds overhead don’t sound appealing to you. Heed our advice, and you might be feeling a bit less claustrophobic and a tad more refreshed come disembarkation.

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Smaller than Small

Sure, price is a major factor when booking your cabin, but give yourself the benefit of the doubt: Would you want your “home away from home” to be smaller than your own bedroom? To give you an example of square footage, the average master bedroom in an American household runs about 200 square feet. Carnival’s standard inside cabins begin at a healthy 185 square feet, but beware of the line’s Category 1A cabins, which are oddly shaped and feature pull-out or bunk beds. In comparison, Royal Caribbean’s inside cabins on Majesty of the Seas run 114 square feet.

“Inside” doesn’t mean one size fits all, so carefully read cabin dimensions before selecting. Also, check whether a balcony is included in the total square footage of the room — the added outdoor space might be nice but not if it’s being factored into an already teeny-tiny cabin.

It’s important to note that cabins on newer ships seem to be smaller than those found on their older siblings. For example, Haven suites on Norwegian’s Breakaway and Getaway are smaller than the suites on its Gem-class ships. Even if you’ve sailed a line before, don’t assume each ship will offer similar cabin sizes.

What a Lovely View?

If a view is important to you, make sure you know what you’re getting a view of. An obstructed-view cabin category might cost less, but the quality of the vista varies from room to room. One view might be only partially obstructed, leaving most of the window occupied by sunsets over waves, while others artfully frame a length of lifeboats.

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Passengers on Caribbean Princess vow that even cabins categorized as having a fully obstructed view still provide room for photo ops and ocean gazing. It might be helpful to read the reviews of others who have stayed in the same cabin. The Cruise Critic boards offer thousands of reader reviews and feedback from cruisers across every line, making them a great place to start.

Ear Plugs Required

One common rookie-cruiser mistake is not checking the deck plans before booking a cabin. It might seem obsessive to a first-timer, but locating loud and late-night venues could be a lifesaver when picking a place to rest your weary head. Anything near a dance club, sports venue, lido deck or all-night eatery could mean throbbing bass, bouncing basketballs and the sweet sound of deck chairs scraping at 3 a.m. Even worse is the galley: bumping, rolling, shouting and stomping around the clock. Just because a venue shuts down at a certain hour doesn’t mean there won’t be commotion as it’s being cleaned.

It’s widely agreed that the best passenger deck to choose is one sandwiched between other passenger decks — you might run into noisy neighbors, but it’s unlikely they’ll have access to pots, pans or an industrial sound system. Additionally, a cruise line will be more equipped to handle a passenger noise complaint rather than a request to move your cabin on what could be a fully booked ship.

If your ship offers family suites (typically located near children’s facilities), keep in mind that families are likely nearby (read: the potential for screaming children). If you’d rather avoid the ambient sounds of a large family group, then perhaps it’s best to relocate away from that area entirely.

If you can, identify where crew service entrances are located — stories of slamming doors day and night are enough for us to check twice. And if the sound of footsteps keeps you up at night, don’t book a cabin nearby major promenades or staircases. Another potential peeve is the dinging of elevators, if you’re close enough to that area to hear them.

And don’t forget the cruise ship engine. While humming noises put some to sleep, the loud buzz of machinery might drive you batty. Passengers on the lowest deck are most likely to hear engine or even anchor sounds.

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Privacy out the Window

A view is always preferable to no view, but be wary: Cabins that open onto a promenade deck offer little privacy, even with curtains closed.

Other cabins providing questionable seclusion include the mini-suites beneath the SeaWalk on Royal Princess and Regal Princess and cabins facing the Boardwalk and Central Park areas on Royal Caribbean’s Oasis of the Seas and Allure of the Seas. A passenger who stayed on the lowest level of the Central Park cabins reported having to keep their curtains closed for the length of the cruise because other passengers strolling through the park could see straight in.

Motion of the Ocean

Rough seas or not, motion sickness can ruin a cruise vacation. If you know you have a history of motion sickness or even if you’re not sure, err on the side of booking a more stable cabin. By “stable,” we mean mid-ship, closer to the interior and on a lower deck, where rocking motion is less likely to be felt. A balcony room might seem enticing for the fresh air, but a location on the outer edges of the ship could make it more susceptible to movement. That said, visual contact with the horizon line is said to aid in reducing nausea as you bob up and down.

Rough waters can be anticipated by itinerary and the time of year you’re sailing. Generally, in the winter months, seas are rougher especially in the Atlantic. If you don’t have a stomach of steel, consider skipping cabins that could make you queasy. A deluxe suite at the front of the ship might come with all the bells and whistles, but you won’t be able to enjoy them with your head in the toilet.

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What Kind of Guarantee?

Not saying that guarantee cabins aren’t worth the gamble for an upgrade, but if you want assurance that you won’t be in a pitching, noisy cabin, these cabins aren’t the way to go. A guarantee cabin isn’t actually a type of cabin but, rather, a method of booking a cabin. You pick a minimum cabin level you’d be comfortable in, and the cruise line assigns you a cabin close to booking dates based on availability.

The potential for an upgrade is appealing, and if you’re cruising on a budget and don’t have a particular issue with any of the cabin dilemmas listed above, then it could be worth your while to see what a guarantee might deliver. But your guarantee also could place you squarely above the anchor, next to a crew entrance or below the theater. With guarantee cabins, you lose your ability to complain about what you end up with.

Higher Category Cabins Filled First

It’s much more palatable for cruise lines to publicly sell their lower-priced cabins (insides and ocean views) at discounted rates than to advertise deep reductions on balcony-level rooms or cruise vacation planning,cruise vacation tips,cruise vacationing,cruise vactation,cruise terminal parking,galveston cruise terminal parking,parking for cruises galvestonsuites. That’s because it’s better to lose $300 by discounting an $800 inside cabin to $500, than to lose $500 by cutting the cost of a $2,200 suite to $1,700, especially considering all the perks that a suite passenger gets.  In order to fill the higher categories first, cruise lines will typically try to upsell already-booked passengers. Keep in mind, most upper categories do sell out with little extra effort from the cruise lines.

So cruisers who have already booked and paid for a balcony might get a call from a cruise line sales representative or their travel agent, offering them a suite for a couple hundred dollars more (for a total suite cost less than its advertised price). This fills up the suites, and empties the balcony cabins which will then be offered to those who booked ocean-view cabins for a small upgrade fee.

Exclusive Sales

The remaining unsold cruise cabins (mostly lower category options, but not always) will cruise vacation planning,cruise vacation tips,cruise vacationing,cruise vactation,cruise terminal parking,galveston cruise terminal parking,parking for cruises galvestontypically be offered to select groups of cruisers through several methods.

Cruise lines will offer many of the remaining cabins at exclusive sale prices to partner travel agencies with an ability to move lots of capacity (think huge Internet agencies or land-based big-box travel retailers). The lines will also try to sell empty cabins via resident discounts to cruisers from the state from which the cruise ship sails. Cruise lines might also advertise a flash sale to subscribers of its e-letter or to its social media audience.

How to Snag a Deal

Cruise lines are not going to flag specific sailings as having empty cabins, making it easy for a potential booker to find a deal. If you want to save, you’ll need to make some effort.

Subscribe to Mailing Lists

The easiest way to find out about sales is to sign up for the cruise line’s e-letter or follow the line on social media; do this for every cruise line you’re interested in. The lines will advertise flash sales through these outlets. Also, get on the mailing list of large travel agencies (Cruise.com, Vacations to Go, CruiseOne, Cruise Planners, etc). If they’re asked to fill cabins, they’ll advertise the exclusive discounts through their e-letters.

Do Mock Bookings for a Sailing You’re Interested In

If you have a specific sailing in mind, you’ll want to be doing mock bookings for that sailing starting the week after final payment is due. During the booking process you’ll be able see how many cabins in any category are left.

cruise vacation planning,cruise vacation tips,cruise vacationing,cruise vactation,cruise terminal parking,galveston cruise terminal parking,parking for cruises galvestonIf you’re already booked on that cruise and see that there are open higher-category rooms than what you’ve got booked, contact the line or your travel agent to see if there are any upgrade offers open.  It’s more difficult if you’re not already booked. If you see lots of empty cruise cabins, you can try contacting the line to see if a sales rep or a travel agency will offer you a good deal. Chances are high, however, that if no sale was advertised on the website, you won’t be offered a discount. If this is the case, keep checking in. If cabins don’t start filling up as the sail date gets closer, the chances of a sale popping up increase.

Not All Empty Cabins Will Be Filled

Be aware: If your cabin search results in only a handful of empty rooms, chances are there will be no deals offered. This is because a cruise ship can reach its double-occupancy number without filling every cabin (due to filling third, fourth and fifth berths, not to mention cribs and rollaway cots). Cruise lines breathe easier about financials when that passenger count is reached, so they’re not always bothered to offer you a discount on their very last unsold cabin.

It seems everyone who has ever cruised either has a staple piece of advice to offer others or has received said advice from someone else. There are several recommendations we hear on repeat — bring magnets to hang things, pack a highlighter for your daily schedule and don’t leave home without duct tape — but some of them do make us scratch our heads. Read on for our list of some of the most overrated cruise advice.

1. Don’t Book Independent Shore Excursions

cruise vacation planning, cruise vacation tips, cruise vacationing, cruise vactation, cruise terminal parking, galveston cruise terminal parking, parking for cruises galvestonIt’s true that your ship isn’t likely to wait for you if you’re late getting back from a shore excursion you’ve booked through a private provider. That risk often scares cruisers into paying inflated prices for cruise line-sponsored tours. These days, many independent excursion operators provide guarantees that promise to get you to the next port of call to rejoin your ship if, for some reason, your tour returns late. You should always do your homework by reading the fine print before reserving anything, but we think it’s safer now than it’s ever been to book with a private company. The goal is to find a provider that offers a fun, safe tour for a fair price — even if it’s not through your cruise line.

2. Bring An Over-the-Door Organizer

cruise vacation planning, cruise vacation tips, cruise vacationing, cruise vactation, cruise terminal parking, galveston cruise terminal parking, parking for cruises galvestonThis is a tried-and-true bit of wisdom that works for many cruisers — particularly those sharing cabins with more than one person — because they help you to keep all of your things in one place while taking up relatively little space. But with cruise lines instituting more stringent policies on what passengers are and aren’t allowed to hang on doors, and with newer ships offering more storage space than ever, we question whether it makes sense to pack a bulky organizer when you can simply use the drawers and cupboards already provided.

3. Arrive at the Terminal Later to Avoid the Embarkation Rush

cruise vacation planning, cruise vacation tips, cruise vacationing, cruise vactation, cruise terminal parking, galveston cruise terminal parking, parking for cruises galvestonAs a general rule, most cruisers prefer to board their ships as early as possible, which means, if you share that mentality, you’re likely to be met by long lines. For that reason, experienced cruisers advise arriving after the masses. It’s a trade-off, though: If you show up on the later side of embarkation, you’ll probably zoom through without much of a wait, but you also risk missing out on those extra couple of hours onboard when you could have been exploring the ship, taking part in activities or grabbing a bite to eat.

4. Wear a Seasick Patch

cruise vacation planning, cruise vacation tips, cruise vacationing, cruise vactation, cruise terminal parking, galveston cruise terminal parking, parking for cruises galvestonWe’ve met many a patch-adorned cruiser who has no idea whether he or she actually gets seasick. “It’s just a precaution,” they claim. Maybe it’s better to be safe than sorry, especially where your vacation is concerned, but to us, that’s like saying “I’m just going to drink this bottle of Dayquil in case I get the sniffles.” Our advice: Take the patches with you, and apply them if you start to feel nauseated. Many times seasickness preventatives can make you drowsy and lethargic, so use them with caution so you are not too tired to enjoy your cruise vacation.

5. Buy a Beverage Package in Advance

cruise vacation planning, cruise vacation tips, cruise vacationing, cruise vactation, cruise terminal parking, galveston cruise terminal parking, parking for cruises galvestonBeverage packages are a great value for anyone who drinks enough soda or alcohol to outweigh the hefty cost. If you’re new to the concept of these packages, hold off on purchasing one until you’re onboard so you can see if your consumption habits warrant the per-day expense. Passengers generally have until the second or third day of a sailing (depending on its length) to decide if they want to commit to a package, but once you do commit to one, you’re locked in for the remainder of the voyage.